Effects of electron beam irradiation on antioxidant activity of mushrooms Amanita spp Conference Paper uri icon


  • A diet rich in natural antioxidant compounds has been linked to a reduced risk of developing chronic oxidative stress-related diseases, including câncer and cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. In addition to their highly appreciated nutritional value, mushrooms could be an interesting source of antioxidant compounds [l]. Nevertheless, their short shelf-life might be a limitation to the distribution and marketing of fresh mushrooms. Drying is one of the most used conservation methods applied to mushrooms [2], but it causes the reduction ofvegetative cells ofmicroorganisms, which gives rise to a flora of bactéria and füagi that have the ability to survive for long periods in dried foods, producing toxins harmfül to human health [3]. In this sense, electron beam irradiation is a possible way to improve food quality, reduce the incidence of foodbome diseases caused by microorganisms, decontaminate pests, insects or parasites that inflict food spoilage and toxicity, thereby replacing the chemical treatments [3]. Nevertheless, this process should keep the chemical and bioactive characteristics of the matrices. Herein, the effects of electron beam irradiation in the antioxidant potential of Amanita caesarea (Scop. ) Pers. andAmanita curtipes E.-J. Gilbert dried samples were evaluated. The fhiiting bodies were obtained in Trás-os-Montes, in the Northeast of Portugal, in October 2013, and dried at 30 °C in an oven. Subsequently, the samples were divided in four groups with five specimens of each mushroom species: control (non-irradiated, O kGy); sample l (2 kGy); sample 2 (6 kGy) and sample 3 (10 kGy), kept in polyethylene bags. The irradiation was performed at the Institute of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology, in Warsaw, Poland. The antioxidant properties were evaluated through scavenging activity against 2,2-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicais, reducing power, inhibition oflipid peroxidation using thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and p-carotenelinoleate model systems. With no exception, irradiated samples (especially for the higher doses) showed to be more antioxidant, either as DPPH radical scavengers, ferric reducers and p-carotene bleaching or TBARS fonnation inhibitors. The higher antioxidant activity was coherent with the leveis of phenolics, which also increased with extending irradiation doses. Except for TBARS formation inhibition, A. caesarea showed higher antioxidant activity than A. curtipes, and besides this action, the assayed mushroom proved to be particularly active as reducing agent. An increased bioactivity with the doses reflects an additional advantage of irradiating mushrooms. Electron beam irradiation might provide a useful altemative to ensure the quality and extend the life ofmushrooms.

publication date

  • January 1, 2015