Design of an Embedded Energy Management System for Li–Po Batteries Based on a DCC-EKF Approach for Use in Mobile Robots uri icon


  • In mobile robotics, since no requirements have been defined regarding accuracy for Battery Management Systems (BMS), standard approaches such as Open Circuit Voltage (OCV) and Coulomb Counting (CC) are usually applied, mostly due to the fact that employing more complicated estimation algorithms requires higher computing power; thus, the most advanced BMS algorithms reported in the literature are developed and verified by laboratory experiments using PC-based software. The objective of this paper is to describe the design of an autonomous and versatile embedded system based on an 8-bit microcontroller, where a Dual Coulomb Counting Extended Kalman Filter (DCC-EKF) algorithm for State of Charge (SOC) estimation is implemented; the developed prototype meets most of the constraints for BMSs reported in the literature, with an energy efficiency of 94% and an error of SOC accuracy that varies between 2% and 8% based on low-cost components
  • This paper is supported by ROBOSTEAM Erasmus+ KA201 Project with reference 2018-1- ES01-KA201-050939.

publication date

  • November 2021