Systematic study on the extraction of antioxidants from pinhão ( araucaria angustifolia (bertol.) Kuntze) coat uri icon


  • Authors thank the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for the master scholarship and the ‘Centro Multiusuário de Caracterização de Materiais (CMCM) of UTFPR-Campus Curitiba’ for the SEM analysis. Authors are grateful to the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT, Portugal) and FEDER under Programme PT2020 for financial support to CIMO (UID/AGR/00690/2013) and L. Barros contract. The authors are also grateful to FEDER-Interreg España-Portugal programme for financial support through the project 0377_Iberphenol_6_E. Also to POCI-01-0145-FEDER-006984 (LA LSRE-LCM), funded by FEDER, through POCICOMPETE2020 and FCT.
  • Food by-products containing bioactive substances have attracted attention due to the possibility of adding values to residues of the food industry. In this work, the extraction of phenolic compounds from pinhão seed coats (Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze) using a central composite rotatable design was applied to obtain prediction models for the extract volume yield, total phenolic content, total phenolic acids and total flavonoids. Principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were implemented showing an evident poor effect of the temperature on phenolic compounds extraction, which is in accordance with the prediction model obtained by the experimental design for total phenolic acids. Volume yield presented a high positive correlation with extraction temperature, followed by solvent composition. Scanning electron microscopy showed that higher temperatures and lower ethanol percentages resulted in highly defibrillated pinhão coats that retained more extract after the extraction process, leading to lower volume yield percentages.

publication date

  • January 1, 2018