Chalcones as versatile synthons for the synthesis of 5- and 6-membered nitrogen heterocylces uri icon


  • Chalcones belong to the flavonoid family which constitutes one of the major classes of naturally occurring oxygen heterocyclic compounds. The alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl system of chalcones possesses two electrophilic reactive centers allowing them to participate in addition reactions via attack to the carbonyl group (1,2-addition) or involving the beta-carbon (1,4-conjugate addition), leading to the synthesis of promising bioactive heterocyclic compounds. The purpose of this review is to present a systematic survey of the most recent literature that uses chalcones in the synthesis of biologically active 5- and 6-membered nitrogen heterocycles such as pyrroles, indoles, isoxazoles, imidazoles, pyrazoles, indazoles, triazoles, tetrazoles, pyridines and pyrimidines. Efficiency, easy-to-handle and cheap reagents, alternative heating conditions and greener protocols will be highlighted. In this review we will cover the literature since the beginning of the 21st century in more than 400 publications.
  • PEst-C/QUI/UI0062/2013 FCOMP-01-0124-FEDER-037296

publication date

  • January 1, 2014