Aqueous solubility of some natural phenolic compounds uri icon


  • In this work, the aqueous solubilities of two hydroxybenzoic acids (gallic and salicylic acid) and three phenylpropenoic acids (trans-cinnamic, ferulic, and caffeic acids) are addressed. Measurements were performed, as a function of temperature, between 288.15 and 323.15 K, using the shake-flask method for generating the saturated aqueous solutions, followed by compositional analysis by spectrophotometric and gravimetric methods. The pH values of the saturated aqueous solutions were measured by potentiometry. Additional thermodynamic properties, which are fundamental for a better understanding of the solubilization process, as well as necessary for the modeling studies, such as melting temperatures and fusion enthalpies were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Apparent acid dissociation constants (Ka) were obtained by potentiometry titration. The measured data were modeled with the cubic-plus-association (CPA) equation of state (EoS). This EoS is applied, for the first time, for multifunctional associating molecules, and the results indicate that it can adequately be used to represent the measured and other literature data with satisfactory accuracy.

publication date

  • January 1, 2008