Bio-inspired multi-objective algorithms applied on production scheduling problems uri icon


  • Production scheduling is a crucial task in the manufacturing process. In this way, the managers must decide the job's production schedule. However, this task is not simple, often requiring complex software tools and specialized algorithms to find the optimal solution. In this work, a multi-objective optimization model was developed to explore production scheduling performance measures to help managers in decision-making related to job attribution under three simulations of parallel machine scenarios. Five important production scheduling performance measures were considered (makespan, tardiness and earliness times, number of tardy and early jobs), and combined into three objective functions. To solve the scheduling problem, three multi-objective evolutionary algorithms are considered (Multi-objective Particle Swarm Optimization, Multi-objective Grey Wolf Algorithm, and, Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II), and the set of optimum solutions named Pareto Front, provided by each one is compared in terms of dominance, generating a new Pareto Front, denoted as Final Pareto Front. Furthermore, this Final Pareto Front is analysed through an automatic bio-inspired clustering algorithm based on the Genetic Algorithm. The results demonstrated that the proposed approach efficiently solves the scheduling problem considered. In addition, the proposed methodology provided more robust solutions by combining different bio-inspired multi-objective techniques. Furthermore, the cluster analysis proved fundamental for a better understanding of the results and support for choosing the final optimum solution.
  • This work has been supported by FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the R&D Units Project Scope: UIDB/00319/2020 and EXPL/EME-SIS/1224/2021. Beatriz Flamia Azevedo is supported by FCT Grant Reference SFRH/BD/07427/2021 The authors are grateful to the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT, Portugal) for financial support through national funds FCT/MCTES (PIDDAC) to CeDRI (UIDB/05757/2020 and UIDP/05757/2020) and SusTEC (LA/P/0007/2021).

publication date

  • January 1, 2023