Determination of Harmonic Parameters in Pathological Voices—Efficient Algorithm uri icon


  • Featured Application The paper describes a low-complexity/efficient algorithm to determine the short-term Autocorrelation, HNR, and NHR in sustained vowel audios, to be used in stand-alone devices with low computational power. These parameters can be used as input features of a smart medical decision support system for speech pathology diagnosis. The harmonic parameters Autocorrelation, Harmonic to Noise Ratio (HNR), and Noise to Harmonic Ratio are related to vocal quality, providing alternative measures of the harmonic energy of a speech signal. They will be used as input resources for an intelligent medical decision support system for the diagnosis of speech pathology. An efficient algorithm is important when implementing it on low-power devices. This article presents an algorithm that determines these parameters by optimizing the window type and length. The method used comparatively analyzes the values of the algorithm, with different combinations of window and size and a reference value. Hamming, Hanning, and Blackman windows with lengths of 3, 6, 12, and 24 glottal cycles and various sampling frequencies were investigated. As a result, we present an efficient algorithm that determines the parameters using the Hanning window with a length of six glottal cycles. The mean difference of Autocorrelation is less than 0.004, and that of HNR is less than 0.42 dB. In conclusion, this algorithm allows extraction of the parameters close to the reference values. In Autocorrelation, there are no significant effects of sampling frequency. However, it should be used cautiously for HNR with lower sampling rates.

publication date

  • February 2023