Fire resistance of composite slabs with steel deck: experimental analysis and numerical simulation Conference Paper uri icon


  • This work investigates the thermal behaviour of composite slabs with steel deck under controlled test conditions corresponding to a fire from the bottom. This composite solution consists of a concrete topping cast on the top of a steel deck. The concrete is typically reinforced with a steel mesh and may also contain individual rebars. The deck also acts as reinforcement and may be exposed to accidental fire conditions from the bottom. This composite solution is widely used in every type of buildings and requires fire resistance, in accordance to regulations and standards. Composite slabs need to meet fire-safety requirements according to building codes. The fire assessment of this type of elements is normally made using standard fire tests. Two samples are being prepared to be tested and should take into account the criterion for stability (R), Integrity (E) and insulation (I). The scope of this investigation concerns the fire rating for insulation (I). Numerical simulation was performed through Matlab PDE toolbox for the thermal effects of standard fire exposure. The results are also compared with the simplified method proposed by Eurocode, which seems to be unsafe.

publication date

  • November 2018